The mere word of cancer sends shivers to the whole body. In this condition of cancer our body cells become overwhelming and form supplementary random cells. That’s also holds true for breast cancer also. In breast cancer abnormality occurs in those cells which forms breast, hence these cancerous tissues are known as malignant tumor. These malignant tumors when spread in other parts of the body become life threatening. Are you aware that some abnormal growths like benign tumors are not in fact cancerous and do not spread in other parts of the body?
There are two types of breast cancers — Lobular carcinoma and Ductal Carcinoma. The lobular carcinoma begins in the glands of breast which makes milk. Around 1 to 10 breast cancers are of this type. While Ductal carcinoma cancer starts in the milk ducts of the breast. Milk ducts meanwhile are thin tubes which carry milk from the lobules to the nipple. 8 to 10 breast cancers come into this category.
Another condition in which abnormal cells are found in the lining of breast ducts is known as Ductal carcinoma in situ (DOIS). Women with this condition of DOIS are often treated with radiation therapy. When doctors find DOIS in more than one location, the only option remains before woman is mastectomy. In this procedure of mastectomy the surgeon has to remove the whole breast which contains cancer and possibly some of the lymph nodes under the arm. Doctors use tamoxifen drug to decrease the risk of breast cancer developing in the same breast after treatment.
How early-stage breast cancer is treated?
Early stage breast cancer involves two approaches for treatment. Like the first step in this direction is surgery. Usually most women with early-stage breast cancer have two choices before them viz., breast sparing surgery or breast- conserving surgery which is followed by radiation therapy. Breast-conserving surgery often includes lumpectomy and partial mastectomy, in which tumor and some normal tissues are removed. In breast sparing surgery breast looks almost the same as it did before surgery.
In mastectomy, the surgeon has to remove the whole breast which contains cancerous cell and possibly some of the lymph nodes under the arm. No matter whatever options the doctor chooses, the goal of these surgeries remains to remove all the cancer from the best. During breast cancer surgery doctors also see some other lymph nodes to see whether they have also spread. With the method of axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) a few or all of the lymph nodes under arm are removed. No matter which surgery you go for the life expectancy remains the same, irrespective of the surgical methods you choose.